The Palestinian Health Ministry said 443 injuries were caused by live ammunition, 320 by tear gas, and three by rubber-coated bullets. In the West Bank, several thousand people gathered in the center of Ramallah, while hundreds marched to the Qalandiya crossing on the outskirts of Jerusalem, where protesters threw stones at Israeli troops.
Although clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli forces have not been on the scale of the first and second Palestinian intifadas in 1987-1993 and 2000-2005, violence has erupted before over matters of sovereignty and religion.
Naftali Bennett, Israel's education minister, told Israel Radio that Israel would treat the Gaza fence as an "Iron Wall" and anyone who approached it as a "terrorist".
In excerpts seen by Reuters of a speech he planned to deliver at the embassy inauguration ceremony, Kushner said it is possible for both sides in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict "to gain move than they give" in any peace deal. Before that, efforts to move the embassy from the coast of Tel Aviv to the holy city have surfaced periodically since at least the early 1980s.
US President Donald Trump will address the ceremony by video and he will be represented by his daughter and adviser Ivanka Trump and son-in-law Jared Kushner. The protest was largely peaceful, although police took security measures and USA soldiers were seen on the roof of the embassy building.
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Trump greeted the Americans when they landed early Thursday morning at Joint Base Andrews just outside Washington , D.C. North Korea also freed US citizens during visits by former Presidents Bill Clinton, in 2009, and Jimmy Carter, in 2010.
"I think it shows you that the President is absolutely doing the right thing here", Coates said of the embassy move.
Since weekly border marches began in March, scores of Palestinian protesters have been killed and more than 2,300 wounded.
"We will stay peaceful with our hands like this", he said, lifting them to the sky.
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas cut ties with the Trump administration and declared it unfit to mediate peace talks.
"There is no greater supporter of Israel on the earth", he said.
Already two weeks after Trump announced the decision, 220 people in the Gaza Strip were injured in protests against the USA president's move as the Palestinian Islamic fundamentalist organization Hamas announced the beginning of the third "intifada" against the controversial decision.
Israel regards all of the city, including the eastern sector it captured in the 1967 Middle East war and annexed, as its "eternal and indivisible capital" in a move that has not won global recognition.
Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan also condemned the move, saying the USA had disregarded "rights and justice" as well as ignoring the worldwide community.
The EU expressed serious objections to moving the Embassy. Paraguay is to follow suit later this month. So charged was the Middle East's political climate - just two years after the Six Day War - there was fury across the Arab world.