Nowadays, they are decided by one person's call in a van stationed in the Twickenham vehicle park.
"Following a review of recent matches, including those last weekend, match officials were reminded of their obligations in sanctioning illegal no arms tackles, high tackles and charging with the forearm or elbow". There's already pressure on us, the one constant thing about being in the All Blacks is you're under pressure because you're expected to win every Test match you play and not only win it, win it really, really well. Both sides were perhaps fortunate to beat South Africa, the Springboks are getting pretty good at beating themselves.
England fans might rue two decisions to kick to the corner from two penalties well within Owen Farrell's range - neither of which paid off as their lineout struggled - but Jones supported the calls. However, the TMO was brought in to view the action and the replay showed that Lawes was offside.
But while the TMO call was the match-deciding part of the game's narrative, it should not define it. They would not score in the final 55 minutes.
The All Blacks looked rattled as England leapt into a 15-0 lead. But that law was changed in the wake of England's "no ruck" game with Italy, and law 14.10 states that any player over the ball constitutes an offside line.
Moody suffered the mishap during All Blacks training. They were superb and finished well.
At the centre of this Test were two exceptional performances. "Sam Underhill thought he had scored the winning try after 76 minutes, but referee Jerome Garces interrupted the joyous celebrations to rule out the match-winning score". He was physical, abrasive and had an engine which went the full 80.
"Obviously you try and go forward and tackle.some people will and some won't understand that when a collision is big how hard it is". Not just for now, but for the Rugby World Cup in Japan next September and October.
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"The other 67 percent want to beat them, so we're happy to go out there and get stuck in".
New Zealand had earlier recovered from the shock of England's impressive start to be just five points down at half-time thanks to fullback Damian McKenzie's converted try and a Barrett penalty.
But then there was Retallick. "With the tough-tackling Sam Underhill also poised for a recall, Eddie Jones is set to name an England side on Thursday created to rattle the world champions at Twickenham". We will have to improve on our set-piece in time for the Irish next week. "If he can't make the right decision with 10 replays then who can?"
In an ominous warning to England, Hansen has revealed that his world champions are looking to make a statement at Twickenham.
"When I've played in teams that did that previously, we've been successful". You can't magic that from thin air.
Strong carries from Underhill, Kyle Sinckler and Maro Itoje in a rampaging start sucked in defenders and when Ben Youngs spotted Ashton stationed on the touchline, he sent the Sale wing sliding over with a floated pass. "We're prepared to stay in the fight so we will get some love further down the track".
For all of that, the All Blacks proved once again why they are the finest side on the planet. "It's stuff they don't normally do, and it came about because they were rushed, and therefore their time on the ball was cut down". That's the mark of a side who will go to the World Cup as clear favourites.
Ryan Crotty celebrates after the All Blacks sneak home against England at Twickenham. Now they have to turn the small margins in their favour.