"This has achieved the first biological experiment on the moon of human history, to sprout the first bud on the desolate moon", Xie said in a university blog. Of these, only the cotton seeds have germinated, for reasons that have yet to be determined.
The Chang'e-5 mission will collect samples from the near side of the moon at the end of the year while another probe will be sent to Mars by 2020, the deputy head of China's space administration, Wu Yanhua, wrote in an official transcript online.
Images sent back by the probe showed that a cotton sprout had grown well, though no other plant was found growing, the Xinhua news agency reported. The mission's architects say the experiments could help lay a foundation for one day establishing a lunar base. According to the BBC, the sprouts are part of an ongoing experiment to test photosynthesis and respiration.
China's Chang'e 4 lander arrived on the Moon's far side on 3 January 2018.
Along with a number of sophisticated scientific instruments, the mission's lunar lander carried a sealed container, the lunar mini biosphere experiment. The temperature can range from -173C to 100C.
Zimbabwe President Emmerson Mnangagwa Calls Out Vladimir Putin For Economic Advise
Although internet services are back up and running, access to social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook remains blocked. We extend our solidarity with the people of Zimbabwe who have taken to the streets to protest against increase in petrol prices.
Xie Gengxin, who led the design of the experiment was quoted as saying, "This is the first time humans have done biological growth experiments on the lunar surface".
Chinese scientists said they used these plants and silkworms because the plants will provide the silkworms with oxygen, while the silkworms will give them carbon dioxide and nutrients through their waste, The Telegraph has learned. We could probably make some nice sweaters from moon-grown cotton.
It is the first time a soft landing has been performed on the Moon's far side - also known as the dark side because it faces away from Earth and remains comparatively unknown - due to challenges relaying signals.
It's also a total lunar eclipse, with the moon covered by Earth's shadow and taking on a red glow - hence the name blood moon.
The China National Space Administration held a press conference on Monday in Beijing where the agency outlined its future plans.